Engines are the main power force behind powering a helicopter. The two most common helicopter engines on the market are the reciprocating engine and the turbine engine. Each engine has different properties that should be considered before owning or operating a helicopter.
The reciprocating engine also known as the piston engine is an engine typically used in small helicopters. A majority of training helicopters use this type of engine because it is easy to operate and is an inexpensive cost upfront and in repairs. The engine is powered by pistons that are connected to a crankshaft, once the pistons move up and down the crankshaft rotates. Power is created by the parts moving How Helicopter Engines operate back and forth internally. This engine is typically a labeled as a four-stroke engine as it operates on four different cycles to congruently produce power. The four-stroke cycle within the engine takes place a couple hundred times each minute and power are consistently being produced.
The turbine engine is a gas engine that is mounted on most larger helicopters. This engine is made up of a turbine, a compressor, a combustion chamber and an accessory gearbox assembly. Fuel is injected into the chamber and compressed, allowing for internal expansion, this expansion creates combustion gas. This gas forces the turbine wheels to turn to create power for the compressor and the gearbox. Once power is running, the combustion gas will be expelled through an exhaust outlet. The reciprocating engine and the turbine engine can both power a helicopter but, do so very differently.
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Superior Air Parts is a leader in procuring and distributing extra parts for the popular Lycoming and Continental engines. Their other pursuits include:
Recently the company has chosen to bump up their product offers by delving into the world of cylinders and choosing to offer their customers Continental ready 0-170/A65 cylinders. This statement was given earlier in the year by Superior Air Parts head of their Sales, as well as their Marketing, department.
These new cylinders are fresh from the factory and come with a manufacture stamp of approval. While this cylinder did fall out of production there was enough pressure put on the manufacturer to force the cylinder back into production. The main customer for these cylinders are re-builders who are starting to restore classic planes who go to work on their cylinders and find that they are too far gone to fix. The need for new cylinders was so great that they have bound to re-hit the market.
The set that Superior Air Parts sell provides the customer with everything they could need to produce four, fully functioning, brand new cylinders. This kit hit the market at $5,895 to a hungry audience willing to shell out whatever money it took to get their hands on parts they had been hunting for, for months. The resurgence of these cores shows that if something has a high enough demand there is always a chance it could be brought back.
Established in 1917 by Robert Hartzell, Hartzell Propeller is a global leader manufacturer of composite and aluminum propellers for certified, homebuilt and ultralight aircraft. Piqua, Ohio is the location of its headquarters.
On the other hand, Raisbeck Engineering is a supplier of aircraft adjustments for business and commercial aircraft. Their main goal is to improve passenger comfort and to convey better performance solutions.
On 24th July, in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, Hartzell Propeller and Raisbeck Engineering are working together on a new structural compound swept blade props for the Beechcraft King Air 350 turboprop. At EAA AirVenture Oshkosh 2017, Hartzell Propeller’s exhibit will present a King Air 350 altered by Raisbeck Engineering with Hartzell’s latest structural compound over 250 cm diameter lightweight five – blade propellers.
The airplane will be exposed at Hartzell’s Booth 296-297 in the Main Aircraft Display Area during EAA Airventure july 24th through July 30th. Hartzell was the designer and manufacturer of the King Air propellers, while Raisbeck ran the flight tests for the STC, which is awaited soon.
JJ Frigge, Hartzell’s Propeller Executive Vice President said “By taking advantage of the aerodynamic effect of blade sweep, the strength of lightweight structural composites and robotic manufacturing technologies, Raisbeck and Hartzell have greatly improved performance across the board in all flight phases.”
The five blade swept propellers substitute the typical Hartzell four blade aluminum blade propellers. Furthermore, the vice President of Sales and Marketing, Lynn Thomas also added : “This lighter prop provides improved single-engine climb performance, unlimited life blades, increased takeoff acceleration, and is quieter. We are already receiving widespread interest from King Air 350 owners and operators in this high performance aftermarket modification.”
Airbus Helicopters leading provider of helicopters recently delivered their first Tiger retrofitted into the HAD version to the French Army Aviation. This took place after the manufacturing company completed the formal acceptance process with France’s Defense Procurement Agency.
This new retrofit that is upgraded from the HAP to the HAD version includes the performance of more than 100 airframe modifications. This also includes the installation of more than 1500 new parts and over 250 electrical cables. In comparison to the older HAP version, the HAD Tiger has an advantage from the increase in maximum take-off weight, or the MTOW. It is also furnished with 2 new intensified MTR 390 E engines along with a new STRIX roof mounted sight system. This is completed with a laser designator that permits the Hellfire 2 air-to-ground missile to be launched.
This revamped retrofit is the first out of thirty six from HAP to HAD that has been ordered by France’s ministry of defense. Airbus Helicopter has created a new industrial organization for the new Tiger retrofit program. The manufacturing company combined both teams from its Military Support Center in France and their Tiger serial production Final Assembly Line.
The French Army Aviation Command believes the retrofit is a big priority for the French Army, and they will allow for them to have an improved weapon system. They praised the first HAD Tigers that have been “combat-proven” since 2014 and have showcased a wide range of capabilities.
Alexnadira Cros, the head of government affairs for France at Airbus Helicopters claims that they are very happy to have achieved their first delivery in alignment with the specifications of their customers. Cross states that the Tiger retrofit program will give France more capabilities in order to play out their demanding operational missions.
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SmartSky Networks has set plans to introduce its 4G LTE connectivity service for in-flights. They will be servicing this connectivity for their business jet operators around the United States starting in mid-2018. Once this connectivity is fully operational, SmartSky Networks will be the first provider that uses proprietary beam-forming technology in a network that is air-to-ground.
The company, which is based in North Carolina, describes this new network as an ecosystem that is open and possessing sixty MHz of unlicensed spectrum along with the 4G beam forming technology that transports a signal. This signal latches onto an aircraft to supply unrestricted access to the internet.
The company, Avionics, was one of the first to encounter the new technology at an event in Florida. This area of the United States accommodates one out of several of the network provider’s sites used for demonstration. New York City and Lincoln, Nebraska are a few of the additional areas. The company’s “evolved packet cores” have already been fixed and are operational in areas like San Jose.
Another demonstration that was similar in idea was given to a few different “early bird” installation partners (such as Duncan Aviation and Bombardier) last October. This new technology will not be tangible for mainstream among operators until the official target launch in mid-2018. This will be possible when the supplemental type certificates are obtainable. SmartSky emphasized that over 40 business aircrafts have applied for the STC processes and that they are underway.
SmartSky boasts that the service is able to provide ten times faster speeds and up to twenty times the bandwidth in comparison to other services in the market. Although the 4G LTE service will only be available for business jets, SmartSky has the goal of developing this network for commercial flights in the near future.
As experienced by users, the network connectivity has shown to supply and support the use of Wi-Fi activities seamlessly on all devices without the need of a special application. Users can easily connect to the network just like they would on land. Once they are connected and well above 10,000 feet, users have access to virtual private networks, and can send emails, texts and calls.
ASAP Aerospace was created on the requirements of ASAP Semiconductor’s current customers. There is no other website that serves the aviation and aerospace industry by supplying parts like business aircraft parts as well and avionic parts and components. This website is a customized tool that allows for customers like government contractors, the US Armed Forces, private operators and more to find a purchasing solution for their needs.
Ametek MRO Muirhead Avionics now has the full capability to bench check, repair, and overhaul the Honeywell RTA-4B. Muirhead Avionics is an OEM-approved overhaul and repair station with services for flight data and cockpit instrumentation for civil and military aircraft.
The RTA-4B is the solid-state radar receiver and transmitter used in the RDR-4B Forward Looking Windshear Detection Radar System. It is capable of processing doppler radar pulses used to detect turbulence, wind shear, weather, and terrain, which allows flight crews using the RDR-4B system to receive advance warnings of wind conditions and both visual and audio wind shear warnings, which are issued 10 to 60 seconds before encounter. The radar automatically turns on when a wind shear event is detected, and the system alerts the crew. The RTA-4B also contains the circuits necessary to interface to the aircraft’s attitude reference for antenna stabilization, system integrity, self-testing, and fault memory.
The Honeywell RDR-4B is the newest version of the RDR-4A, adding wind shear processor and detection capabilities. In 1994, it was the first predictive wind shear system to be certified for commercial airline operation. Wind shear is a microscale meteorological phenomenon occurring over a very small distance, but has been a sole or contributing cause of many aircraft accidents. It can be caused by the transition from offshore to onshore, weather fronts, thermal wind, planetary boundary layer, and severe weather conditions such as thunderstorms. Between 1964 and 1985, wind shear directly caused or contributed to 26 major civil transport aircraft accidents in the U.S., leading to 620 deaths and 200 injuries. Effectively, the inclusion of wind shear detection is a huge advancement in safety technology.
As a result, MRO services for the RTA-4B is necessary and significant, being a viable and important addition to the MRO capability of Ametek MRO Muirhead Avionics.
Boeing and Nasa have teamed up to make flying safer for all future generations. Between 2001 and 2010 there were seventeen deadly crashes that came as a direct result of pilots no longer being able to see their surroundings and having to navigate their aircrafts with just the instruments on their dashboards. The Space Act was created between NASA and Boeing to help combat this issue in the future.
The two companies are combining forces to create a flight training course that keeps safety as the top priority. With Boeings 787 simulators and NASA’s artificial vision expertise, the two have merged their talents into a simulation experience that can bring a sense of safety to future young pilots.
As the years go on, pilots are getting younger and younger and entering the field with less practice in the field. Having a simulation, like the one that NASA and Boeing are working on, allows those young pilots to feel comfortable once they’ve entered the sky. A few pilots are set to test out the new rig to see how to handle scary situations when they do arise. Some test flights have been occurring in Miami and by some pilots from Colombia’s Avianca Airlines.
By placing a handful of pilots out to test all the new equipment early, Boeing and NASA, are able to gather hands on information from pilots, which allows the companies to know what features are working and should be programed into feature aircrafts, and which features just aren’t making the cut. A few of the features that NASA is looking to flush out are how big the displays should be, what colors work best and optimal grid orientations work.
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On November 9th, 2017, Boeing and CDB Aviation came to an agreement on how many new 737 Max’s and 787 Dreamliner Boeing aircrafts CDB would be purchasing. The total came out to forty-two 737 Max 8s, ten 737 Max 10s, and eight 787 Dreamliner’s. This made their grand total $7.4 billion dollars as per the present item price, which was announced at the 2017 Paris Air Show, which takes place at Parc des Expositions Paris-le-Bourget.
CDB is one of Chinas premier aircraft leasing agencies, they boast a collection of over 100 of the most sought-after aircrafts currently on the market. By adding the 737 Max and the 787 Dreamliner’s to their fleet they are able to offer their customers access to some of the worlds most cutting-edge Boeing aircrafts.
According to Boeing, their new 737 Max aircrafts are the quickest planes to fly off their shelves with over 4,000 orders coming in from over ninety customers across the globe. The 737 Dreamliner, specifically, is the quickest selling two aisle aircraft in history and has safely delivered over two-hundred million individuals all over the world.
CDB Aviation is an Irish owned branch of the China Development Bank Financial Leasing Co. CDB is underneath the State Council of China and is the biggest developmental business institution on earth. China Development Bank is also the biggest Chinese bank for all foreign investments as well as lending on a long-term basis. They are the only Chinese branch to have their foot in the aviation world as well. This gives them an edge that other branches just don’t have.
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Aircrafts are a combination of a lot of unique heavy-duty parts and assemblies brought together to create a flyable mechanism. Not all pilots are mechanics and therefore do not know or understand the complexity of aircraft cylinders. Knowing what Is under the hood of the aircraft upon flying it gives the pilot a better feel of awareness if a malfunction were to happen.
Many assumptions are often made that cylinders are much like automobile engines but turns out to be a false statement. Although they may carry many similarities they cannot be approached the same in terms of repairs.
The movement of the intake is triggered by fuel and air as they travel through an intake valve and into the cylinder. This step causes for what is known as the crank shaft to rotate simultaneously with the compressions stroke.
Followed by that is the ignition of the spark plugs the compressed fuel air mixture allows for a burn to take place. The burn allows for an expansion and causing the crankshaft over to repeat the process to accelerate.
The cylinders are reliable and built for durability as appose to car engines. With aircrafts being around for quite sometimes mechanics have been able to figure out the most common errors that aircrafts obtain of the time being used.
As per an official of AvitaionPros.com mentions that today’s generation of mechanics do not have much to do compared to mechanics in previous eras. The new type of lubricants used in in current airplanes creates a better coat and helps reduce temperatures within the operating components.
Horse power Is also a huge concept when trying to modify engines to increase horse power. Along with the amazing amount of torque it adds to the aircraft, it has cons also . “This increase of power can increase the sea level rated power but this also limits the full power at lower altitudes due to engine temperature limitations.”
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Avionics Magazine has created a top 10 lists for latest innovations that have been started to revolutionize the aerospace industry in the following years.
(1) The barriers to be able to travel to airspace are slowly being decreased by the FAA as their goal is to be able to put aircrafts into the oceanic airspace sooner than possible. They plan to do this by placing a ADS-B satellite that can detect the location of the aircraft while in space.
(2) The Electric Hybrid Aircraft is a innovation within its self the being optimized with Airbus’ “E-Fan “technology. The aircraft is being able to prove that the future of aircrafts can be converted to electric hybrid propulsion aircraft technology.
(3) The Autonomous taxi was one step closer to a self-flying aircraft. The features that it would require would be visual sensors, the aircrafts data, ADS-B information, and the Traffic Collusion Avoidance System (TCAS)
(4) Currently under development by Lockheed’s Martins “Skunk Works division” belonging to The Air force have finalized a prototype of the F-16 aircraft. The F-16 would be unmanned combat aircraft that’s primary missions are air-to -ground tasks.
(5) the enhancement of air to ground communication would be bettered by the completion of the Internet protocol Suite.
(6) The New innovative (IPv6) would allow more internet users along with the upgraded and lengthen IPv6 addresses to be increased to 128 bits long.
(7) Well underway under development of Honeywell, the creation of a “predictive software and cockpit display technology “ is to transform the way aircrafts fly faster than the speed of sound.
(8) Airborne Wireless Network believe to use already aired aircraft as communications devices and have already been granted the experimental operation certification to go forth with the project.
(9) Honeywell hopes in time to be provide flight controls with solely human brain waves wearing a censored head gear.
(10)Aurora Flight Sciences is a company that is participating in a prototype that has placed a robot in the cockpit. Slowly replacing the manned aircrafts to the unmanned would be the ultimate goal for this project.
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